The octogon of Aachen Cathedral, base level.
Wishing you a very Merry Christmas!
This is a shot I’ve taken almost ten years ago: a panoramic view of the Forum Romanum in Rome. I really recommend visiting this astounding place: you almost physically feel the connection to times long ago, and you feel how close you get to them. You will find many ruins of Roman cities in Europe, but you won’t find a similar place like this forum, that is residing in the heart of the eternal city for more than 2000 years.
(There was just that short episode, when the defeated French army annexed the cathedral in 1813 and used it as pigsty and sickbay. The greatest part of the wooden equipment was used up in those days.) 1814 the spook was over.
Most of the treasures were destroyed or sold; the new era of freedom, equality, and fraternity was needing money. All these secularized churches and monasteries were quite valuable; and if not the buildings itself, so was the ground they were built on.
Shortly before Willigidis’ cathedral was about to be consecrated, it burnt down. They built another one. 1036 the first cathedral was finally finished.
Mainz Cathedral is old, really old. The city had its first mentioned bishop in the 4th century; churches, it seems, have always been where there is the cathedral now. When the world was awaiting apocalypse around 1000 AD, bishop Willigis ordered the first version of the cathedral. To hell with Armageddon, a church had to be built! Now!
The Schola Cantorum in San Clemente, Rome. San Clemente was built in the 12th century, but its roots are reaching far back into history. It is the successor of a 4th century church which also wasn’t the first building at this place.